Researchers have found that Mexican mangroves have helped climate change by sequestering carbon for more than 5,000 years. They urge communities to conserve mangrove forests because of their environmental benefits.
Mangroves are known to reduce the severe impact of storms or cyclones. They can help with tides because their roots can slow the movement of tidal water.
Moreover, mangroves help to stabilize the coast with abundant marine ecosystem.
According to research published in science dailyMangroves can survive in conditions that most plants cannot tolerate. Some mangrove species are said to have air-conducting roots that help when the tides are high as the three have been floating.
NOAA He explained that mangroves have about 80 species worldwide. They thrive in areas with low oxygen soil. However, mangroves can only grow in subtropical latitudes or tropical regions because they cannot survive in freezing temperatures.
Matthew Costa, a coastal ecologist at the University of California, San Diego and first author of paperHe stressed that disturbing the mangroves would cause carbon emissions that would be difficult to fix.
Furthermore, Costa said that mangroves are essential to mitigate climate change.
(Photo by Ronaldo Schmidt/AFP via Getty Images)
Scientists from the University of California at Riverside and the University of California at San Diego collaborated Research Marine mangroves off the coast of La Paz, Mexico. They investigated how the mangroves in the area absorb and release carbon and nitrogen.
In addition, they wanted to understand the bacteria and fungi thriving in the mangrove forests. The team’s results have been published in the journal Marine Ecology Advance Series.
according to science dailyThe team did not expect the carbon in the mangroves to be 5,000 years old.
Emma Aronson, an environmental microbiologist at the University of California, and senior author of studyexplained that the peculiarity of mangroves is how long they have retained carbon.
However, the researchers did not find fungi in the mangroves due to the lack of oxygen in the area. She noted that most fungi specialized in carbon compounds need oxygen.
According to Science Daily, researchers found the following:
- More than 1,100 species of bacteria are found under the mangrove forests. Various chemical elements are consumed and excreted in environments with little or no oxygen. But the researchers said the bacteria present are not efficient at breaking down carbon.
- In deep peat soils, there are fewer microorganisms.
Mangrove forest protection
The World Economic Forum He stressed the importance of protecting mangrove forests. It highlights that more than a third of mangrove forests have disappeared due to industrial or infrastructure developments.
The World Economic Forum added that the destruction of mangroves threatens the livelihoods and lives of the marine ecosystem. Countries and communities have urged the conservation of mangrove forests because of their environmental benefits. Help share Contributions from the mangrove forest:
- As mentioned, mangroves help mitigate climate change by absorbing carbon that is harmful to the land.
- coastal defense. Mangroves provide natural protection for the communities as they keep sea level rise and storm surge floods in check.
- Rich in biological diversity. The mangrove is a sanctuary for animals. The nutrients from the mangroves are the breeding or food sources for fish, shrimp, crabs and other animals in the area. The trees are also a breeding ground for birds to nest and migrate.
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