The Standard Model of Particle Physics: Theory of the Subatomic World

The Standard Model is the most complete description of the subatomic world created in modern physics. The model was built during the twentieth century on the foundations Quantum mechanics, the strange theory that describes how particles behave at the smallest of scales. The Standard Model explains three of the four forces of nature: electromagnetism, strong nuclear power and the weak nuclear force. The theory has been tested thousands of times with incredible accuracy, and despite its flaws, it remains one of the most important achievements of modern science.

“It’s the dominant paradigm for thinking about how things interact at a fundamental level,” and has been “tested with a tremendous degree of rigor,” said Chad Orzel, a physicist at Union College and author of a number of popular physics books, including How to Teach Quantum Physics to Your Dog (Scribner, 2009), he told Live Science in an email.

How was the Standard Model developed?